The Victoria Cross is Canada’s highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy.
The Canadian Victoria Cross is awarded for “the most conspicuous bravery, a daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty, in the presence of the enemy”. As of January 1st, 1993, it may be presented after death, and it also may be revoked. The biggest difference between the Victoria Cross and the Cross of Valour is the reference to “the enemy”. Which essentially means that the government does not have to officially declare war to award the medal.
Alan Arnett MacLeod was born in 1899 in Stonewall, Manitoba. He had a simple childhood typical of the early 1900's. He was a shy and unassuming child, sleight of build and quiet. His father was the medical doctor in Stonewall, and later Winnipeg. Being the area doctor he owned an
Victoria Cross awarded to O'Kill Massey Learmonth for the action at Hill 70 on 18 August 1917."For most conspicuous bravery and exceptional devotion to duty. During a determined counter-attack on our new positions, this officer, when his company was momentarily surprised, instantly charged and personally disposed of the attackers. Later
47th Battalion, CEFFor the action at Hill 70 from August 22nd to 24th, 1917.For most conspicuous bravery an leadership when in charge of a section attack. His section had the difficult task of mopping up cellars, craters and machine gun emplacements. Under his able direction all resistance was overcome successfully,
1ST BATTALION, THE RIFLE BRIGADE
The Only VC won on Canadian SoilTen years after Queen Victoria instituted the Victoria Cross, a 20-year old Irish soldier won the Empire's highest award far from the scene of any combat, at Danville, Quebec, Canada. Private Timothy O'Hea was honoured "for conspicuous courage under circumstances
Lord Strathcona's HorseOn 5 July 1900 at Wolwespruit, Standerton, South Africa, a party of 38 Lord Strathcona's Horse came into contact and was engaged at close quarters with a force of 80 of the enemy. When the order was given to retire Sergeant Richardson rode back under very heavy cross-fire
The Royal Canadian Dragoons (RCD), formed on 21 December 1883, were sent to South Africa in 1900 to fight in the Boer War. On 7 November of that year, while acting as the rearguard for a column of troops, the Dragoons found themselves under fire from an overwhelming number of
Frederick William Hall was born in Winnipeg on February 21, 1885. He lived on Pine Street as a neighbor to Leo Clarke VC and Robert Shankland VC. It is believed to be the only street in the world to have three Victoria Cross winners that lived there. The city of
The Citation read:For most conspicuous bravery and initiative during the operation near Cambrai 27 September to 1 October 1918.On 28 September, when the advance of the Brigade was held up by fire from both flanks and by thick, uncut wire, he crawled forward alone and explored the wire until he
The first Victoria Cross awarded to a Canadian: Victoria Cross winner Lance-Corporal Frederick Fisher - 13 th Battalion, Royal Canadian Highlanders Regiment, demonstrated his valour on both April 22nd and 23rd 1915 at St. Julien, Belgium. On the 22nd of April he was coming forward from St. Julien when he discovered some
For the action at Pozieres on 9 September 1916, Private (Acting Corporal) Leo Clarke 2nd Battalion, CEF:"For most conspicuous bravery. He was detailed with his section of bombers to clear the continuation of a newly captured trench and cover the construction of a "block". After most of his party had become