The Victoria Cross is Canada’s highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy.
The Canadian Victoria Cross is awarded for “the most conspicuous bravery, a daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty, in the presence of the enemy”. As of January 1st, 1993, it may be presented after death, and it also may be revoked. The biggest difference between the Victoria Cross and the Cross of Valour is the reference to “the enemy”. Which essentially means that the government does not have to officially declare war to award the medal.
1st Battalion The Winnipeg GrenadiersJohn Robert Osborn was born in Norfolk England on the 2nd of January 1899. He served in the First World War as a seaman in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and saw action at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916. At the end of the
Pilot Officer Andrew Mynarski was born in Winnipeg, Canada and joined the RCAF in 1941. During a raid on the Cambrai railway yards in France on June 12, 1944, Andrew Mynarski made a heroic effort to pry his rear gunner from the turret of his burning Lancaster even though his
Charles Merritt was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, on the 10th of November 1908, the son of a First World War hero. He was educated at Lord Roberts School, Vancouver, University School, Victoria, and Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario. In private life he was a barrister and solicitor. Prior to
John Keefer Mahony was born in New Westminster, British Columbia, on the 30th of June 1911. He received his education at the Duke of Connaught High School, New Westminster and then entered the world of journalism as a reporter with the 'Vancouver Province'. Prior to the outbreak of war he
Born in Mimico Ontario in 1910, David Ernest Hornell was destined for valour. His citation, awarded posthumously reads as follows:Flight-Lieutenant David Hornell was captain and first pilot of a twin-engined amphibian aircraft engaged on an anti-submarine patrol in northern waters. The patrol had lasted for some hours when a fully-surfaced
Major Charles Ferguson Hoey was born in Duncan, British Columbia, March 1914. In April 1933 he went to England with the intention of making the army his career. He first enlisted in the West Kent Regiment, won a cadetship to the Royal Military College at Sandhurst and went there in
Robert Hampton "Hammy" Gray was born in Trail, British Columbia on November 2, 1917. He grew up and lived in Nelson BC, Canada. He enlisted in the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) at HMCS Tecumseh in Calgary, Alberta in 1940. He was initially trained in England and went back to
Of all the Victoria Cross Recipients, the story of Rev John Weir Foote stands out. His was not a combat role. He was not trying to stop or advance or take a position. His was a role of compassion. Foote was born in Madoc, Ontario, May 1904. He attended the
In Normandy on the 18th of August 1944, Major David Currie was in command of a small mixed force of Canadian tanks, self-propelled anti-tank guns and infantry which was ordered to cut one of the main escape routes from the Falaise pocket.This force was held up by strong enemy resistance
In Holland on the night of 25th-26th February 1945, the 1st Battalion, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada launched an attack on the hamlet of Mooshof, to capture ground which was considered essential for the development of future operations.Sergeant Aubrey Cosens platoon, with two tanks in support, attacked enemy strong